Tag Archives: surveying


Surveying is an old profession which originates from ancient Egypt to about 3,000 years ago. It determines the position of certain building or land in three dimensions before construction of any structure begins. It can be performed by licensed surveyors only since they are the only ones who have the proper surveying equipment. Surveying is an essential part of mapping land boundaries, slopes, distances, features, enabling land development and accurate land dimensions.

Did you know that in the past, every surveyor used a specific surveying tool that would differ him/her from other surveyors? Or that the first president of the United States, George Washington was a known surveyor and map-maker?

  • In Greece and Rome, surveyors were people held with exceptional esteem, as they were responsible for the straight angles and perfect lines that shaped the remarkable buildings and coliseums that are still present today. They used a simple surveying tool called Groma.
  • Also, Greeks and Romans invented an early surveying tool called Groma, which was a long staff with a cross bar that served to measure right angles and straight lines. Groma is believed to originate from about 400 BC in Mesopotamia, which is today’s Iraq.
  • The biggest breakthrough in surveying technology occurred in 1773 when Jesse Ramsden, an English mathematician and scientific instrument maker, invented a circular dividing engine. The first quality circular dividing engine allowed the manufacture of very accurate mathematical and scientific instruments and tools. Also, Jesse Ramsden published a Description of an Engine for Dividing Mathematical Instruments in 1777.
  • Captain James Cook is one of the most famous surveyors in the world, because he is one of the first who sailed into every ocean and surveyed all the areas he discovered. He used a set of surveying equipments – a brass telescopic, a theodolite and small station flags. Captain Cook is also one of the first English to step on every major continent in the world and the first to cross both the Antarctic and Arctic Circles.
  • The first president of United States, George Washington, began his remarkable career as a surveyor, map-maker and soldier. He began to work as a surveyor’s assistant in 1748 at the age of 16, but after only a year, he became a surveyor for the newly created frontier country of Culpepper. There he gained a reputation as an honest, fair and dependable person.
Credits:  http://www.interestingreality.com/interesting-facts-surveying/

Surveying FAQs

When Is A Surveyor Needed?

  • When land is bought or sold.
  • Before land is divided.
  • If a line or corner location is unknown or in dispute.
  • If a money-lending agency requires a survey.
  • Before constructing a building or fence.
  • Before conveying a lot from a larger tract and the lot has not been surveyed.
  • Before cutting timber near a property line.
  • When you believe someone is encroaching on your land.
  • To establish easements and rights-of-way.

What services are included in my survey?

  • Examine your deed and those of adjoiners and look for evidence of any problems.
  • Advise if you actually need a survey.
  • Find and mark your corners properly.
  • Cooperate with your attorney, realtor, banker, engineer, or architect.

How much will my survey cost?

There are many factors involved, including:

  • The purpose of the survey and the equipment needed.
  • Terrain and vegetation.
  • Accessibility.
  • Liability.
  • If the surveyor has made other surveys in the area.
  • If there are disputes over any lines.
  • Deed research required.
  • Number of unknown corners.
  • Existence of fences.
  • Vagueness of descriptions.
  • Number of acres.

What else can Shawnee Professional Services do for me?

These additional services are also available. Please call for an estimate.

  • Mark and stake property lines.
  • Survey subdivisions, establish new corners and markers.
  • Locate buildings, fences, right-of-way, encroachments, and other possession evidence.
  • Appear in hearings as an expert witness.

What information do I need to Provide Shawnee?

  • The purpose of the survey.
  • A copy of your deed
  • Any plats you have and information about the location of property lines.
  • Any information you may have about disagreements over location of corners and lines.

What will I receive from Shawnee?

  • Work done in accordance with State laws, regulations, and to the highest standard of ethics.
  • Plat of Survey.
  • Mark property corners.
  • Additional services are available, at varying fees, according to your specific needs.

Caution for Landowners:

  • Don’t mistake preliminary traverse lines for true lines.
  • Don’t move or relocate markers.
  • Before hiring a surveyor, check their credentials, experience, and years in business.
  • Contact the surveyor well before the survey is needed.

What other Services does Shawnee provide?

  • Cellular Communication Site Surveys
  • Control Surveys for Aerial Photography
  • Pipeline Corridor/Mapping
  • Geodetic Control Surveys
  • Topographic Surveys
  • Environmental Surveys
  • Hydrographic Surveys
  • Volumetric Surveys
  • Boundary Surveys
  • ALTA Surveys
  • Site Design
  • Utility Design
  • Subdivision Design
  • Transportation Design

What is Land Surveying?

What is Land Surveying?

Surveying and land surveying is the measurement and mapping of our surrounding environment using mathematics, specialized technology and equipment. Surveyors measure a wide number of things on the land, in the sky, or on the ocean bed. They even measure polar ice caps.

What do Surveyors do?

Land surveyors work in the office and in the field – from suits to boots. Out in the field, they use the latest technology such as high order GPS, Robotic Total Stations (Theodolites), and aerial and terrestrial scanners to map an area, making computations and taking photos as evidence.

In the office, Surveyors then use sophisticated software, such as Auto-cad to draft plans and map the onsite measurements. Surveyors work on a diverse variety of projects from land subdivision and mining exploration, to tunnel building and major construction, which means no two days are the same. They are experts in determining land size and measurement. They also give advice and provide information to guide the work of engineers, architects and developers.

Watch this video to find out more about what Surveyors do, and how they are crucial to national development. You can also view the South Australian version of this video here.

What is surveying and spatial science?

Surveying is related to the broad areas of Spatial Science or Geospatial Science. Spatial means “the relative place or location of something”. Spatial Science helps to understand the relationship between the community and the environment to help predict trends and patterns. Surveying is first done to establish the boundaries, and Spatial Technologies are used to interpret and report on the data.

This data is used whenever we search on Google Maps or track a location on a GPS unit. Other Spatial professionals will use the data to help establish trends or predict changes to the environment such as the spread of the Queensland Floods in 2011.

The main types of surveying specializations are Land, Mining, Engineering, and Hydrographic. Other Spatial Science fields include Geodesy, Topographic Surveying, Remote Sensing, and Geographic Information Systems (GIS). For more information on Spatial Science, go to www.destinationspatial.org

Why is surveying important?

We depend on surveying to ensure order in the physical world around us. Surveyors play an integral role in land development, from the planning and design of land subdivisions through to the final construction of roads, utilities and landscaping.

Surveyors are among good company, working closely with their peers in the fields of engineering, architecture, geology and planning. Their role underpins these industries; Surveyors are the first people on any construction site, measuring and mapping the land. These primary measurements are then used by architects to understand and make the most of the unique landscape when designing and engineers to plan structures accurately and safely, ensuring buildings not only fit with the landscape but are able to be constructed.

Why become a surveyor?

Surveying provides a great diversity of indoor and outdoor work, meaning you won’t be chained to a desk.

  • There is job variety; you can choose to work in many different industries from IT to Archaeology.
  • The high demand for Surveyors means it’s easy to get a job, 95% of students find work within 4 months after graduating.
  • The salaries are excellent; graduates earn an average of $52k p.a.
  • Surveyors have access to the latest technology and equipment.
  • Surveyors can work for themselves, in private firms or in government departments.
  •  Want to read more?

Download these PDF booklets for a more in-depth view of the various roles you could choose in Rural and Urban Surveying.



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